Hospitals traditionally face parking and accessibility problems due to the high number of people who drive there.

Hospital-related mobility is characterised by a share of obligatory mobility (employees, suppliers, subcontracted staff, etc.) and a share of occasional mobility (patients' relatives, medical visits, etc.).

The preponderant mode of transport, for both obligatory and occasional mobility, is driving, because it is seen to offer easier, more flexible and faster access. This positive perception of car use is heightened in cases where parking is free and spatially unlimited.

With regards to obligatory mobility, restricting car use to employees of hospitals seems to be a sensitive issue in principle, but other, adapted measures may be proposed.

In the case of visitors, alternative measures to driving (particularly public transport) may be promoted through a plan to reduce access by car to the hospital, thus reducing the nuisance caused by cars, such as noise, the abusive use of space and air pollution. Restricted access should be supported with an alternative public transport supply that provides a response adapted to the non-captive demand of people visiting the hospital; people in special, and often difficult, personal conditions. This means that the service must be high quality and very well suited to the demand, both in terms of the modes of transport provided and the service supply and features offered.

Mobils proposes to develop projects to encourage and promote the use of public transport; restricted access for cars to hospitals can also be supported with a restriction on parking.

Based on an analysis of existing mobility (public transport supply and demand, facilities, etc.), Mobils will include a proposal for different measures and approaches that can be implemented to improve hospital-related mobility management (parking management, public transport supply, improved access, etc.), integrating different contexts from different European metropolitan areas. Several pilot experiences will be carried out, as well as measures to produce a report on their efficiency.


Mobils will be implemented in five phases:

  • the first phase will consist of a characterisation and description of the state-of-the-art: this will provide an overview of the current status of the hospitals studied and the associated mobility demand. The aim is also to present the public transport supply that serves these hospitals.
  • the second phase will determine which factors influence hospital-related mobility demand. This phase will be based on user surveys (employees, patients, visitors and students) conducted at the hospitals. The gender dimension will be integrated into surveys to establish whether men and women have different perceptions and experiences of mobility;
  • the third phase will develop pilot experiences to supply more sustainable transport and improve intermodality. The results of the surveys from phase two will be used to define the framework for the pilot experiences;
  • the fourth phase will analyse the results of the pilot experiences and produce a report on congestion and the environment to gauge their success;
  • the project will be disseminated in the fifth phase. This will open the project up to reflection and experience exchange